Neuropathy & Nerve Damage
February 22, 2018
Neuropathy is a term that describes problems related to nerves (their role is to send messages from the central nervous system to the whole body). Neuropathy is usually diagnosed as a complication of a wide range of medical conditions and can affect motor, sensory and autonomic nerves.
Neuropathy can affect either a single nerve or a nerve set (like in Bell’s Palsy, for example). Among possible causes for neuropathy repetitive injury, metabolic problems, infection, physical trauma are to be mentioned. It is well known both among specialists and large public that people with diabetes present high risks of neuropathy. Neuropathy affects around 20 million people only in U.S. Up to 70% of people with diabetes have some nerve damage.
Nerve damage and nerve pain can seriously affect human life’s quality because they are involved in many human body’s system functioning and when one system’s activity is affected, the whole system’s activity is disturbed. You will then require a neuropathy support supplement called Nerve Renew.
Autonomic nerves’ role is to control and regulate involuntary or partially voluntary activities happening in human body like blood pressure, heart rate, temperature regulation and digestion, for example.
Motor nerves control human body’s movements by realizing a connection between the spinal cord and muscles in the body.
Sensory nerves gather information from senses organs (skin, eyes, nose, etc.) and send this information to central nervous system. Information received from sensory organs is processed and this is how human sensations are felt.
Since in the majority of neuropathy cases the cause is diabetes, it’s important to know that there are four types of neuropathy: peripheral, proximal, autonomic and focal.
Peripheral neuropathy is also called distal polyneuropathy or peripheral diabetic nerve pain. This is the most common form encountered and this happens because of diabetes. Some of the longest nerves in our bodies the ones in our legs. In the low back (lumbar) region hey branch off the spine and they go down your legs until they reach the feet. Peripheral neuropathy often attacks long nerves in our body, so cases of peripheral neuropathy are often encountered at legs level.
Proximal neuropathy is also known as diabetic amyotrophy can induce muscle weakness and most of the time it affects the muscles in the sacral region. Proximal neuropathy involves in most cases nerve pain (this pain goes down the leg and most people refer to it as sciatica but the medical term for it is radiculopathy).
Autonomic neuropathy affects the autonomic nerves (those that are supposed to maintain our bodies up and running). Many functions happen in our body without us being aware of them, or without us actually doing something voluntarily to start or maintain them and moreover, we cannot voluntarily stop them. Homeostasis (the balanced state of the human organism) is maintained by the autonomic nervous system and when neuropathy affects this specific type of nerves, homeostasis is seriously influenced.
Peripheral neuropathy, autonomic neuropathy and proximal neuropathy are included in polyneuropathy category and this means they affect many nerves and focal neuropathy affects only one specific nerve. Focal neuropathy is, by excellence, a mononeuropathy.
Each type of neuropathy has its particularities and specific symptoms and treatment. For those who suffer of diabetic neuropathy in early stages, over-the-counter medications can be very helpful, but for people with severe nerve damage prescription medication is the solution. The exact medication for the specific type of neuropathy you are affected by should be prescribed by a specialist and it should be prescribed based on your symptoms and medical history.